Jan 14, 2022
Andy and Dave discuss the latest in AI news and research, including the signing of the 2022 National Defense Authorization Act, which contains a number of provisions related to AI and emerging technology [0:57]. The Federal Trade Commission wants to tackle data privacy concerns and algorithmic discrimination and is considering a wide range of options to do so, including new rules and guidelines [4:50]. The European Commission proposes a set of measures to regulate digital labor platforms in the EU. Engineered Arts unveils Ameca, a gray-faced humanoid robot with “natural-looking” expressions and body movements [7:07]. And DARPA launches its AMIGOS project, aimed at automatically converting training manuals and videos into augmented reality environments [13:16]. In research, scientists at the Bar-Ilan University in Israel upend conventional wisdom on neural responses by demonstrating that the duration of the resting time (post-excitation) can exceed 20 milliseconds, that the resting period is sensitive to the origin of the input signal (e.g. left versus right), and that the neuron has a sharp transition from the refractory period to full responsiveness without an intermediate stutter phase [15:30]. Researchers at Victoria University use brain cells to play Pong using electric signals and demonstrate that the cells learn much faster than current neural networks, reaching the same point living systems reach after 10 or 15 rallies, vice 5000 rallies for computer-based AIs [19:37]. MIT researchers present evidence that ML is starting to look like human cognition, comparing various aspects of how neural networks and human brains accomplish their tasks [24:34]. And OpenAI creates GLIDE< a 3.5B parameter text-to-image generation model to generate even higher quality images than DALL-E, though it still has trouble with “highly unusual” scenarios [29:30]. The Santa Fe Institute publishes The Complex Alternative: Complexity Scientists on the COVID-19 Pandemic, 800 pages on how complexity interwove through the pandemic [33:50]. And Chris Peter has an algorithm to create a short movie after watching Hitchcock’s Vertigo 20 times [35:22].
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