Jul 15, 2022
Andy and Dave discuss the latest in AI news and research, including an update from DARPA on its Machine Common Sense program, demonstrating rapidly adapting to changing terrain, carrying dynamic loads, and understanding how to grasp objects [0:55]. The Israeli military fields new tech from Camero-Tech that allows operators to ‘see through walls,’ using pulse-based ultra-wideband micro-power radar in combination with an AI-based algorithm for tracking live targets [5:01]. In autonomous shipping [8:13], the Suzaka, a cargo ship powered by Orca AI, makes a nearly 500-mile voyage “without human intervention” for 99% of the trip; the Prism Courage sails from the Gulf of Mexico to South Korea “controlled mostly” by HiNAS 2.0, a system by Avikus, a subsidiary of Hyundai; and Promare’s and IBM’s Mayflower Autonomous Ship travels from the UK to Nova Scotia. In large language models [10:09], a Chinese research team unveils a 174 trillion parameter model, Bagualu (‘alchemist pot’) and claims it runs an AI model as sophisticated as a human brain (not quite, though); Meta releases the largest open-source AI language model, with OPT-66B, a 66 billion parameter model; and Russia’s Yandex opens its 100 billion parameters YaLM to public access. Researchers from the University of Chicago publish a model that can predict future crimes “one week in advance with about 90% accuracy” (referring to general crime levels, not specific people and exact locations), and also demonstrate the potential effects of bias in police response and enforcement [13:32]. In a similar vein, researchers from Berkeley, MIT, and Oxford publish attempts to forecast future world events using the neural network system Autocast, and show that forecasting performance still comes in far below a human expertise baseline [16:37]. Angelo Cangelosi and Minoru Asada provide the (graduate) book of the week, with Cognitive Robotics.